human trafficking and domestic violence statistics
What is Human Trafficking?
Sex trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, obtaining, patronizing, or soliciting of a person for the purpose of a commercial sex act in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such act has not attained 18 years of age.
How Traffickers Groom & Control Their Victims
Traffickers are experts at finding those moments when people are vulnerable, of working the angles, of manipulating reality and leveraging fears. The process is called grooming, they:
Target the Victim, Gaining Their Trust, Meeting Their Needs, They Isolate Them, Exploitation, Maintaining Control.
The purpose of the grooming process is for a trafficker to be able to gain full control over their victim and manipulate them into cooperating in their own exploitation.
Indicators of Human Trafficking
Recognizing key indicators of human trafficking is the first step in identifying victims and can help save a life. Here are some common indicators to help recognize human trafficking.
Does the person appear disconnected from family, friends, community organizations, or houses of worship?
Has a child stopped attending school?
Has the person had a sudden or dramatic change in behavior?
Is a juvenile engaged in commercial sex acts?
Is the person disoriented or confused, or showing signs of mental or physical abuse?
Does the person have bruises in various stages of healing?
Is the person fearful, timid, or submissive?
Does the person show signs of having been denied food, water, sleep, or medical care?
Is the person often in the company of someone to whom he or she defers? Or someone who seems to be in control of the situation, e.g., where they go or who they talk to?
Does the person appear to be coached on what to say?
Is the person living in unsuitable conditions?
Does the person lack personal possessions and appear not to have a stable living situation?
Does the person have freedom of movement? Can the person freely leave where they live? Are there unreasonable security measures?
Not all indicators listed above are present in every human trafficking situation, and the presence or absence of any of the indicators is not necessarily proof of human trafficking.
HUMAN TRAFFICKING STATISTICS:
Statistics on Human Trafficking in Ohio according to Etactics.
As of June 2022, Ohio ranks fifth in the nation for human trafficking cases. However, Ohio’s rate of human trafficking is 3.84 victims per 100,000 state residents, putting Ohio at the fourth worst ratio in the nation. This victim-to-population ratio translated to 450 human trafficking cases in Ohio during the same year.
To make matters worse, Columbus ranked ninth as one of the worst cities in the United States for human trafficking.
All information is from Governor DeWine's office for human trafficking. All information for domestic violence is from Ohio Domestic Violence Network.
This information is from the Ohio Office of Criminal Justice Services--Federal Laws
Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000******Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act of 2015
**There are Criminal Sanctions for Traffickers and Purchasers and Protections for Victims.
National Human Trafficking Hotline
If you feel someone might be being human trafficked make that call. It is better to make that call as you might be saving their life.
To report a trafficking tip call 1-883-373-7888. It's a national, toll-free hotline, available 24/7.
More than 1,000 Ohio children are estimated to be trafficked every year in the sex trade, over 3,000 Ohio youth are at risk of becoming victims.
Average age of victims is 13 years old.
Toledo is the fourth largest recruitment site for minor sex trafficking in the country.
Ohio is ranked 42nd for children's vulnerability to homelessness, which in turn contributes to a higher vulnerability to child sex trafficking.
Runaway children are the most vulnerable for sex slavery, being approached by a trafficker or recruiter within 48 hours to a little over a week after running away.
The Ohio Attorney General released a report in January with the following local law enforcement statistics (which do not include federal cases)- in 2013, there were 30 human trafficking investigations, 16 arrests, 7 prosecutions, 9 successful convictions.
The Government of the United States fully meets the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. The United States is a Tier 1 for human trafficking.
What is Domestic Violence?
Domestic violence is the willful intimidation, physical assault, battery, sexual assault, and/or other abusive behavior as part of a systematic pattern of power and control perpetrated by one intimate
partner against another. It includes physical violence, sexual violence, threats, economic, and emotional/psychological abuse. The frequency and severity of domestic violence varies dramatically.
National Domestic Violence Hotline 800-799-7233
Information provided by National Coalition Against Domestic Violence
In the United States, more than 10 million adults experience domestic violence annually. 1 in 4 women and 1 in 10 men experience sexual violence, physical violence and/or stalking by an intimate partner during their lifetime with ‘IPV-related impact’ such as being concerned for their safety, PTSD symptoms, injury, or needing victim services. Approximately 1 in 5 female victims and 1 in 20 male victims need medical care. Female victims sustain injuries 3x more often than male victims. 1 in 5 female victims and 1 in 9 male victims need legal services.23.2% of women and 13.9% of men have experienced severe physical violence by an intimate partner during their lifetime.
Ohio Domestic Violence Statistic Information from Ohio Domestic Violence Network
2,456 Victims Served in One Day 1,548 adult and child victims of domestic violence found refuge in emergency shelters, transitional housing, hotels, motels, or other housing provided by local domestic violence programs. 908 non-residential adult and child victims received supportive services including counseling, legal advocacy, and support groups.
Toledo's Domestic Violence Statistic Information from Ohio Attorney General 2011
Harbor View Police Department DVI charge 0, other charge 0, no charge 0
Oregon Police Department DVI charge 74, other charge 1, no charge 17
Sylvania Police Department DVI charge 21, other charge 0, no charge 21
University of Toledo Police DVI charge 1, other charge 0, no charge 2
Whitehouse Police Department DVI charge 2, other charge 0, no charge 20
Berkey Police Department DVI charge 1, other charge 0, no charge 0
Ottawa Hills Police Department DVI charge 2, other charge 0, no charge 2
Holland Police Department DVI charge 4, other charge 0, no charge 0
Lucas County Sheriff's Office DVI charge 72, other charge 13, no charge 171
Toledo Police Department DVI charge 1024, other charge 136, no charge 4194
Sylvania Twp. Police Department DVI charge 8, other charge 0, no charge 0
Information was given in a monthly report from the Governors office.